This week I would like to touch on a popular aquaponics system, called the CHOP system. CHOP stands for Constant Height One Pump and it’s popularly used by aquaponics enthusiasts the world over. It’s a variation of a CHIFT PIST system really, or an improved version you may. CHIFT PIST stand for Constant Height In Fish Tank, Pump In Sump Tank”.
A typical CHOP or CHIFT PIST system consists of a growbed, fish tank and a sump tank as shown in the image above. The water pump in the sump tank continuously pushes water to the fish tank. And water is gravity fed to the growbed. The system water is then drained back to the sump tank via an auto-siphon.
This Is A Very Effective…
System to use and eliminates stress on the fish due to fluctuating water levels. This is even more evident if you are operating a system with multiple growbeds. With CHOP, the fish tank water level is constantly maintained as you may probably work out from the image above.
Nevertheless, recent findings have shown a flaw with this system. Where multiple growbeds are used they must be placed on perfectly leveled ground to work properly. The problem with running multiple growbeds on uneven ground is that this could cause the siphons not to operate properly due to water flow rate issues. This gave rise to the improved CHOP system.
Improved CHOP System
The improved CHOP system has the similar design, with the addition of line or lines from the water pump outlet to the individual growbeds or growbed in your system (see image below). This is to say, the water pump sends water to the fish tank and growbeds. The supply lines are fitted with a ball valve each to help water flow to the growbeds.
Now the advantages with this design is that you don’t need to have perfectly level growbeds for it to work. And siphons can function properly with the presence of ball valves to regulate water flow-rate. With this design you can actually add as many growbed as you want with the consideration to the economics of scale of course.
In This Design…
The water supply line to the fish tank has also a ball valve. This design is really practical as you can regulate water the fish tank water depth for maintenance purposes or when you want to harvest your fish. You can even completely stop water supply to the fish tank and still have your growbeds water circulated if need be. But, to have even better control, I would also add another re-circulation line and ball valve at the pump discharge.
On another scenario however, you can also turn off your growbeds and still have your fish tank water circulated. This is beneficial especially during cold weather nights where running growbeds can cause the drop of system water temperature for up to a few of degrees.
Contrary to popular belief, the sump tank actually acts as a settling tank for solids in a CHOP system. So, a regular clean up of the sump tank is recommended and it is easy to do. You will normally find solids accumulated at the sides of the sump tank.
How Big Is The Sump Tank?
A common question to this system is; how big should the sump tank be? Well, that’s a fair question and one I have asked myself the first time I saw this system design. Think about it and naturally, you’ll work out that the sump tank should be able to take all the water from your growbeds if they all drain at the same time, right?
A simple calculation of the volume of water in the growbed is that it’s approximately 1/3 of the volume of growbed media used in your set-up. So, yeah, that will give you a good estimate of the sump tank size you will need.
Can I Use It On A Raft System?
Definitely, you can even have a mix of media-filled growbeds along side the DWC (Deep Water Culture) or a Raft system. Just make sure you will need to incorporate a swirl filter to go with it to ensure solids (fish poop) are removed from the system.
Personally I see the CHOP system as a very good design to go with if you are deciding to scale up your aquaponics system. If you have experience working with aquaponics systems, you can actually go ahead and give it a go. If not, I would strongly recommend that you start from learning the basics first then move forward once you have gained the knowledge and experience.
Our Home DIY Aquaponics step-by-step guide is a great way to start off your journey to the world of Aquaponics. In fact, you can easily convert our system to CHOP as shown in the diagram above. Click on the box below to find out more…
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